This species is known only from the region of the type locality, Cashca Totoras, Bolivar Province, in central Ecuador, at 3,200m asl. It may be more widely distributed than current records suggest.
Habitat and Ecology
At the type locality, all individuals were in the vicinity of a spring in upper humid montane forest, but many individuals were found in herbaceous vegetation in forest. It also occurs, to a limited extent, in secondary forest. Reproduction occurs by direct development.
The species is locally abundant in a patch of forest (Bosque Protector Cashca Totoras) of about 300ha.
The major threat is habitat loss and degradation due to agriculture (cultivation of crops and livestock farming) and logging; the forest habitat in and around the type locality is now severely fragmented.
Its geographic range does not overlap any protected areas, making it a priority to protect the remaining fragmented habitat of this species.
Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Diego Almeida 2004. Pristimantis simonbolivari. In: IUCN 2014