This species is known only from the Serrania de San Lorenzo in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, northern Colombia, at 1,520-2,200m asl. It probably occurs more widely in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta than is currently known.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in riparian forest (Carvajalino-Fernández et al., 2008). During the day it can be found under rocks along rivers in very humid areas. At night, it is found on top of leaves or branches, on bushes around 20cm above the ground. It breeds by direct development.
It is a rare species. It was recently found during a survey at San Lorenzo (Carvajalino-Fernández et al., 2008).
Agricultural development, for both crops and livestock, as well as logging and agricultural pollution, are major threats to its habitat.
Its range includes Parque Nacional Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, a natural reserve area. Some other species of Eleutherodactylus that are associated with streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, so the status of this species should be monitored carefully.
Martha Patricia Ramírez Pinilla, Mariela Osorno-Muñoz, Jose Vicente Rueda, Adolfo Amézquita, María Cristina Ardila-Robayo 2010. Pristimantis carmelitae. In: IUCN 2014