Celaque climbing salamander
© 2009 Josiah H. Townsend (1 of 3)
Coloration: Dorsal coloration is russet with small gold flecks, while subcaudal coloration ranges from a pale yellow to dark orange with gray, silver, or orange speckling. Throat color varies from pale yellow to orange. Iris color is an iridescent copper sometimes with gold flecks (Greenbaum 2004; McCranie and Wilson 1993).
Distribution and Habitat
Trends and Threats
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
B. celaque is named for Cerro Celaque, the highest mountain in Honduras, on which the species is found. The name celaque most likely is derived from the Aztec word celac, which means “in the cold waters” (McCranie and Wilson 1993). This salamander was previously considered to be a variant of the species B. dunni (Greenbaum 2004).
Parra-Olea and his colleagues completed a phylogenetic analysis of 55 Bolitoglossa specimens to determine the phylogenetic relationships among species. B. celaque is the sister species to B. synoria, and both species are in the B. dunni group, in the subgenus Magnadigita (Parra-Olea et al 2004).
Frost, D. (2011). Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.5.
Green, D.M., and P. Alberch (1981). ''Interdigital webbing and skin morphology in the Neotropical salamander genus Bolitoglossa (Amphibia, Plethodontidae). .'' Journal of Morphology , (170), 273-282.
Greenbaum, E. (2004). ''A new species of Bolitoglossa (Amphibia: Caudata: Plethodontidae) from montane forests in Guatemala and El Salvador.'' Journal of Herpetology, 38, 411-421.
Hanken, J. and Wake, D. B. (1982). ''Genetic differentiation among plethodontid salamanders (genus Bolitoglossa in Central and South America: implications for the South American invasion .'' Herpetologica, 38, 272-287.
McCranie, J. R., and Wilson, L. D. (1993). ''A review of the Bolitoglossa dunni group (Amphibia: Caudata) from Honduras with the description of three new species.'' Herpetologica, 49, 1-15.
McCranie, J.R., and L.D. Wilson (1995). ''A new species of salamander of the Bolitoglossa dunni group (Caudata: Plethodontidae) from northern Honduras.'' Herpetologica, 51(2), 131-140.
Parra-Olea, G., García-París, M., and Wake, D. B. (2004). ''Molecular diversification of salamanders of the tropical American genus Bolitoglossa (Caudata: Plethodontidae) and its evolutionary and biogeographical implications.'' Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 81, 325-346.
Wilson, L.D., G. Cruz, J.R. McCranie, F. Castañeda (2008). Bolitoglossa celaque. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 29 April 2011.
Wilson, L.D., and J.R. McCranie (2003). ''Conservation status of the herpetofauna of Honduras.'' Amphibian and Reptile Conservation, 3(1), 6-33.
Wilson, L.D., and J.R. McCranie (2003). ''Herpetofaunal indicators species as measures of environmental stability in Honduras.'' Caribbean Journal of Science, 39(1), 50-67.
Written by Rebecca Koch (rebeccabethkoch AT gmail.com), UC Davis
First submitted 2011-04-20
Edited by Brent Nguyen (2012-03-24)
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