This species is known from Coclé Province, west-central Panama (at 600-800 m asl in the Serranía de Tabasará above El Copé), and Colón and Panama Provinces, east-central Panama (730-910 m asl) near Cerro Bruja in the Parque Nacional G. D. Omar Torríjos H. and the Serranía Piedras-Pacora in the Parque Nacional Chagres, respectively.
Habitat and Ecology
It has been recorded from premontane forest, and is not likely to be tolerant of significant habitat alteration. Most individuals have been found at night up to 2m above the ground on vegetation overhanging or near streams, and it is presumed to breed by direct development.
There is little information available on population status, but it is quite rare. A population crash took place at El Copé in 2004, and it might now be extinct there.
Selective logging has occurred in the Serranía de Tabasará. It appears that chytrid fungus has caused the loss of this species from El Copé, and it is likely to be similarly lost from other sites as the fungus continues to spread (K. Lips in litt. 2005). The long-term survival of the species in the wild is, therefore, very much in doubt.
Further survey work is required to determine the population status and, given the threat of chytridiomycosis, some surviving individuals might need to form the basis for the establishment of an ex-situ captive breeding programme. This species is known from two national parks: G. D. Omar Torríjos H. and Chagres.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered since chytrid fungus is believed likely to cause a population decline of greater than 80% in three generations, a process which has already been observed starting.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
Roberto Ibanez, Karen Lips 2006. Craugastor tabasarae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T61804A12557432. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2006.RLTS.T61804A12557432.en .Downloaded on 18 November 2018