Bolitoglossa copia
El Copé Giant Salamander
Subgenus: Eladinea
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae
Species Description: Wake DB, Hanken J, Ibanez R 2005 A new species of big black Bolitoglossa (Amphibian:Caudata) from Central Panama. Copeia 2005:223-226
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Panama


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from a single specimen collected near the summit of Cerro Peña Blanca, in the Cordillera Central of central Panama, at an altitude of approximately 1,315m asl. It might occur more widely (since forested habitat has virtually not been sampled between the Fortuna dam region of western Panama and the type locality of this species), but since this is the highest mountain in the region, and given that many neotropical salamander species are known to have very narrow altitudinal ranges, it is possible that this species has a very restricted extent of occurrence.

Habitat and Ecology

The sole known specimen was found inside an earthen mound in forest. This species is considered unlikely to be tolerant of much habitat degradation, and is presumed to breed by direct development.


It appears to be very rare.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Chytridiomycosis is a threat to this species, and has been associated with declines of other species to the north and west of its range. Logging is presumably also a threat to any populations occurring in unprotected areas.

Conservation Actions

The type locality of this species is within Parque Nacional General de División Omar Torrijos Herrera.

Red List Status

Data Deficient (DD)


Listed as Data Deficient since it has only recently been described from one specimen, and there is virtually no information on its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.


James Hanken, Roberto Ibáñez, David Wake 2006. Bolitoglossa copia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T61896A12564095. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


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