Nectophrynoides frontierei
family: Bufonidae
Species Description: Menegon M, Salvidio S, Loader SP 2004 Five new species of Nectophrynoides Noble 1926 (Amphibia Anura Bufonidae) from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania. Trop. Zool. 17:97-121
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Tanzania, United Republic of


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from Amani Nature Reserve, in the East Usambara Mountains, north-eastern Tanzania, at 920-950 m asl. It is not known how widely it might occur within the East Usambara Mountains.

Habitat and Ecology

The only known specimens were collected in closed submontane forest relatively close to a stream and a dry riverbed. Its breeding requirements are unknown, but it is assumed to be ovoviviparous, like other member of its genus, with internal fertilization before giving birth to tiny toadlets.


It is known only from two specimens, collected in traps in February 1999, in an area where the amphibian fauna has been very well studied. It appears to be a very rare species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The nature reserve in which it is found is well protected. Much of the forest away from the reserve is being progressively cleared, especially due to agricultural encroachment, wood extraction and expanding human settlements.

Conservation Actions

Amani Nature Reserve is currently the only protected area in which it is known to occur. More extensive surveys are required to detect this species and further research into the population status, ecology, and use and trade of this species is required. It is listed on CITES Appendix I.

Red List Status

Data Deficient (DD)


Listed as Data Deficient since it has only recently been discovered, and there is still very little information on its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Nectophrynoides frontierei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T54839A16949680. .Downloaded on 20 January 2019


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