This newly described species is known only from the type locality, Sitio, at sea level in the municipality of Conde, in the state of Bahia in eastern Brazil. It presumably occurs more widely.
Habitat and Ecology
It is known only from a large marsh, fed by the Itapicuru River, almost 10km from the river mouth. The marsh includes a permanent swamp and seasonally flooded pastureland. This species is possibly like other members of the genus, being subterranean and aquatic, and it is assumed to be viviparous with breeding taking place in water.
It was common when it was discovered in 1989.
There is no information on threats to this species.
It is not known from any protected areas.
Red List Status
Data Deficient (DD)
Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing uncertainties as to its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.
Mark Wilkinson 2004. Chthonerpeton noctinectes. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T59538A11960466. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T59538A11960466.en .Downloaded on 24 January 2019