This species is known from the municipalities of Bello, Sonsón, Belmira, Santa Rosa de Osos, San Jose de la Montaña, Yarumal, and Envigado in the Cordillera Central in Antioquia Department, Colombia, where it has been recorded from 2,330–3,100 m asl. The EOO is estimated as 6,656 km2 and it occurs at three to five locations, based on the main threats affecting the species.
Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits high Andean interior forest. It may tolerate a low degree of habitat perturbation. It is most likely a direct developing species although there have been no direct observations regarding its breeding biology.
It is a common species within its known range. Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.
The main threats to the species are habitat loss and degradation due to agriculture, livestock and urban expansion (in the Aburra Valley).
A portion of this species' distribution is included in the Sistema de Paramos y Bosques Altoandinos del Noroccidente Medio Antioqueño (Distrito de Manejo Integrado).
Improved habitat protection is required at sites where this species is known to occur.
More information is needed on this species' distribution, population status, ecology, and threats.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because of its extent of occurrence (EOO) of 6,656 km2, it occurs in three to five threat-defined locations, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in the Central Cordillera of Colombia due to agricultural activities, livestock and urban expansion.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2017. Rhinella ruizi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T54882A85876421. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T54882A85876421.en .Downloaded on 16 November 2018