Ingerophrynus kumquat
family: Bufonidae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Malaysia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This newly described species was found on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. It is known only from the type locality, Sabak Bernam, and from the North Selangor Peat Swamp, though it possibly occurs more widely.

Habitat and Ecology

It is a peat swamp specialist. It is thought be be an explosive breeder, and presumably breeds by larval development.


It is locally abundant, but it is possibly hard to find when not breeding (which may be one explanation for its recent discovery).

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat is drainage and reclamation of peat swamps for agricultural purposes, and part of its type locality has already been destroyed.

Conservation Actions

This species has not been recorded from any protected areas, making habitat protection an urgent priority.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, it is known from fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia.


Indraneil Das, Jeet Sukumaran, Norsham Yaakob 2004. Ingerophrynus kumquat. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54685A11174348. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


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