This species is endemic to Sumatra, Indonesia, and it is known from Aceh and North Sumatra Provinces in northern Sumatra to Sumatera Barat Province and from Gunung Tujuh in Kerirci Seblat National Park, Jambi Province to Bukit Kaba, Bengkulu, from the south-eastern slope of Gunung Dempo, Sumatera Selatan, and from Ngarip and Mount Tanggamus, Lampung (Harvey et al. 2002, Kurniati 2008, Hamidy and Kurniati 2015). It is likely restricted to high elevation areas between 1,415 and 1,575 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species has been collected in secondary growth tropical forest, in overhanging vegetation close to pools and slow-flowing streams and also close to tea plantations (Harvey et al. 2002). It presumably makes foam nests with the larvae then developing in the freshwater below. Males of this species are covered in tiny spines (Harvey et al. 2002).
It is considered locally common (Kurniati 2008, 2011; M. Kamsi pers. comm. May 2017).
In Gunung Tujuh, a survey conducted between December 2011 and January 2012 failed to record the species where it had been found in 2005 (Kurniati 2012). This could be due to the intensification of agriculture (Kurniati 2012), that it is likely to represent a threat to this species also at other sites. Habitat loss threatening this species is not only due to smallholder farming, but also to subsistence collection of wood.
This species occurs within the Kerinci Seblat National Park, but the level of protection for this species does not seem adequate, in fact at Gunung Tujuh habitat loss is taking place.
Studies on its population size, distribution and trends, life history and ecology, and threats are needed.
Red List Status
Data Deficient (DD)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its widespread distribution and presumed large population.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Rhacophorus achantharrhena. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T58969A96378773. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T58969A96378773.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019