Microkayla adenopleura
family: Strabomantidae
subfamily: Holoadeninae

© 2009 José M. Padial (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bolivia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from the type locality, 10 km N of Monte Punko, in Carrasco National Park (17 33' S, 65 17' W, 3350 masl), and from the nearby locality of Jatum Potrero, Carrasco National Park (17 31' 26" S, 65 11' 21" W), both in the Department of Cochabamba, Bolivia, between 3250-3400 masl. It possibly occurs more widely.

Habitat and Ecology

The species lives in the ‘‘ceja de Monte’’, covered by low, humid montane forest typical of the Yungas region in the
transition to paramo vegetation (De la Riva, 2007).

It breeds by direct development.


It is a common species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Assuming that it is present outside the national park, this species is presumably impacted by habitat loss and degradation as a result of overgrazing, smallholder farming, and expanding human settlements.

The predicted effects of climate change (e.g. drying up of regions) are also considered to pose a serious threat to the species, in addition to its restricted distribution (I. De la Riva, pers. comm. 2008).

Conservation Actions

Carrasco National Park is the only protected area from which it is currently known.

Red List Status

Vulnerable (VU)


Listed as Vulnerable in view of its extent of occurrence of less than 20,000 km2, area of occupancy of less than 2,000 km2, with all individuals in fewer than ten locations, and a projected decline in the extent and quality of its habitat due to climate change.


Ignacio De la Riva 2008. Psychrophrynella adenopleura. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T57199A11588013. .Downloaded on 19 January 2019


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