This species is known from the type locality, 10 km N of Monte Punko, in Carrasco National Park (17 33' S, 65 17' W, 3350 masl), and from the nearby locality of Jatum Potrero, Carrasco National Park (17 31' 26" S, 65 11' 21" W), both in the Department of Cochabamba, Bolivia, between 3250-3400 masl. It possibly occurs more widely.
Habitat and Ecology
The species lives in the ‘‘ceja de Monte’’, covered by low, humid montane forest typical of the Yungas region in the
transition to paramo vegetation (De la Riva, 2007).
It breeds by direct development.
It is a common species.
Assuming that it is present outside the national park, this species is presumably impacted by habitat loss and degradation as a result of overgrazing, smallholder farming, and expanding human settlements.
The predicted effects of climate change (e.g. drying up of regions) are also considered to pose a serious threat to the species, in addition to its restricted distribution (I. De la Riva, pers. comm. 2008).
Carrasco National Park is the only protected area from which it is currently known.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable in view of its extent of occurrence of less than 20,000 km2, area of occupancy of less than 2,000 km2, with all individuals in fewer than ten locations, and a projected decline in the extent and quality of its habitat due to climate change.
Ignacio De la Riva 2008. Psychrophrynella adenopleura. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T57199A11588013. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T57199A11588013.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019