Hylarana chitwanensis
family: Ranidae
Taxonomic Notes: While not formally treated by Oliver LA, Prendini E, Kraus F, Raxworthy CJ 2015 Systematics and biogeography of the Hylarana frog (Anura: Ranidae) radiation across tropical Australasia, Southeast Asia, and Africa. Mol Phylog Evol 90: 176-192, this taxon is most likely not a member of the now small monophyletic clade recognized as Hylarana.
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Near Threatened (NT)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Nepal


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is endemic to Nepal. Reports from north-east India reflect a misidentification with Rana danielii. It is a lowland species occurring below 500m asl in the foothills of the Himalayan range. It probably occurs a little more widely, and can be expected to occur in India.

Habitat and Ecology

It is associated with terai grasslands, bushes and tropical Shorea forest in hilly areas. Specimens were collected by Das (1998) under logs in Shorea forest with scattered patches of short grass and bare earth. There is little information available concerning details of reproduction or larval habitat.


The population status of this species is unknown.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threat to this species is habitat loss as a result of selective logging of forests and changes in water management regimes (such as dam construction).

Conservation Actions

The original collection of this species occurred in Royal Chitwan National Park (Das 1998).

Red List Status

Near Threatened (NT)


Listed as Near Threatened because its Extent of Occurrence is probably not much greater than 20,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat are probably declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.


Sushil Dutta, Tej Kumar Shrestha, Annemarie Ohler 2004. Hylarana chitwanensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T29419A9495838. .Downloaded on 18 January 2019


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