Leptobrachium gunungense
family: Megophryidae

© 2003 Alexander Haas (1 of 1)

Frogs of Borneo account.

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Malaysia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from several sites on the southern slopes of Mount Kinabalu in Kinabalu National Park in Borneo, Malaysia, where it has been recorded at elevations of 1,750–2,200 m asl (Malkmus et al. 2002, P. Yambun pers. comm. January 2018). Its presence is inferred on all sides of Mount Kinabalu, where suitable habitat occurs, and the estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) of its inferred range is 435 km2.

Habitat and Ecology

It is a terrestrial species of montane tropical moist forest, inhabiting the transition zone between upper oak-chestnut and mossy forest. Some individuals have been found in old secondary forest within the National Park. Adults can be found in leaf-litter, rock crevices, and in holes in the ground. Breeding takes place in streams.


It is generally uncommon to find this species, however it is commonly heard during surveys. The population is considered to be stable (P. Yambun pers. comm. January 2018).

Population Trend


Major Threats

There are no major threats to the species at present as it occurs only within a well-managed national park (P. Yambun pers. comm. January 2018).

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It is known only from Kinabalu National Park, which is well-protected. 

Conservation Needed
Continuation of rigorous management and protection of the habitat in the existing protected area is the best guarantee for the conservation of this species.

Research Needed
Surveys of potentially suitable areas of habitat in adjacent parts of Borneo are needed to determine whether or not this species might occur elsewhere, and also to help better understand its current population status.

Red List Status

Vulnerable (VU)


Listed as Least Concern since, although its estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) is 435 km2, it occurs in a well-protected and well-managed national park, where suitable habitat remains, and there are no threats at present.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Leptobrachium gunungense. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T57552A123692211. .Downloaded on 20 January 2019


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