This species from northeastern Brazil ranges from Cristalia in northern Minas Gerais, north to Urucui in Tocatins and Guaramiranga in Ceara, east to Areia in Paraiba. It avoids very low altitudes, and is commonly found around 800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a species of "Caatinga" savannah that has also been found on the edge of wet forests. It is usually found on the ground near water. It is an explosive breeder, and the tadpoles live in small intermittent streams and temporary ponds.
It can only be readily found when it is breeding, and then it is common.
The major threats are probably related to habitat loss due to livestock grazing and fire.
It presumably occurs in some protected areas.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Gabriel Skuk, Diva Borges-Najosa, Dante Pavan 2004. Odontophrynus carvalhoi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57188A11584041. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57188A11584041.en .Downloaded on 17 January 2019