This species has a very restricted range, and is found in just two caves and one other locality, in Meseta de Cabo Cruz, in Cuba. It has been recorded from 10-50m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is associated with rocks, leaf-litter, and caves in lowland closed-canopy forests, and has not been recorded outside forest habitat. It breeds by direct development.
It is a moderately common species within the caves and other appropriate habitat.
Habitat destruction as a result of disturbance by tourists and infrastructure development for tourism is the major threat, particularly since the caves are a popular tourist attraction.
It occurs in the Parque Nacional Desembarco del Granma (a World Heritage Site), but there is significant disturbance of the habitat in this park. Improved management of the existing protected area, particularly aimed at reducing disturbance around the caves, is necessary.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100km2, its distribution is fragmented, and the extent of its habitat in southeastern Cuba is declining.
Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz 2004. Eleutherodactylus tonyi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T29470A9500192. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T29470A9500192.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019