This species is found in Cerro Bufalo in the Dept. of Atlantida and Montaña La Fortuna in the Department of Yoro, Honduras, at elevations of 1,550-1,800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in leaf-litter in lower montane wet forest. Breeding takes place by direct development.
Although always rare, the species is now in precipitous decline. Visits to the sites, both in 1995 and 1996, failed to turn up any individuals.
Habitat destruction caused by subsistence agriculture and landslides are the major threats. However, these threats do not account for its decline in pristine habitats. Rather, its disappearance is likely to be as a result of disease (such as chytridiomycosis), although it is perhaps surprising for this to be the case in such a species since it is not associated with streams.
The species occurs in Parque Nacional Pico Bonito and in the Reserva de Vida Silvestre Texiguat. Further survey work is required to determine the population status of this species and the reasons for its decline in pristine habitat. If disease is shown to be a major threat, then surviving individuals might need to form the basis for the establishment of an ex-situ population.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because of a drastic population decline, estimated to be more than 80% over the last three generations, inferred from the apparent disappearance of most or all of the population, perhaps due to chytridiomycosis.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson 2004. Craugastor saltuarius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56942A11557866. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56942A11557866.en .Downloaded on 15 November 2018