This species is known only from the vicinity of the type locality of El Estadero in Caldas Department, Colombia, between 2,000–2,200 m asl (G. González pers comm. August 2016). Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 137 km2.
Habitat and Ecology
It is an inhabitant of the understory of primary humid forest. It has not been recorded outside primary forest, suggesting that it is very sensitive to habitat disturbance. It breeds by direct development with eggs laid on the ground.
It is a rare species.
Major threats outside the type locality includes habitat loss and destruction due to logging, agriculture and pine plantations.
This species has been recorded in Selva de Florencia National Park.
Additional habitat protection is recommended for this species.
Further surveys are needed to determine the population status, natural history, ecology and distribution of this species.
Red List Status
This species is listed as Endangered because it extent of occurrence (EOO) is 137 km2, it occurs in approximately two threat-defined locations where there is ongoing decline in the quality and extent of its habitat.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Pristimantis actinolaimus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T56392A85856566. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T56392A85856566.en .Downloaded on 16 November 2018