This species' distribution is very poorly known. There are records from: Garamba National Park in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo; Kinshasa in western Democratic Republic of Congo; northeastern Angola; several localities covering most of Gabon; Point Noire in Congo; mainland Equatorial Guinea; and Longyi, Akok, Efulen, Bipindi, Nkoemvone and Ebolowa in Cameroon south of the Sanaga River. We follow Loumont (1983) in provisionally assigning records to the west and north of the Sanaga River to Xenopus tropicalis. The distribution map should be considered as provisional.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a water-dependent species, that is found in small water holes in lowland rainforest around one metre deep and one to two metres in diameter. It can tolerate some habitat disturbance, but requires canopy cover over its ponds. It has filter-feeding tadpoles.
It is a very abundant species locally.
It is presumably affected, at least locally, by severe forest loss such as clear felling, and the expansion of open agricultural systems.
It occurs in a number of protected areas. This species requires further research into its taxonomy and distribution limits.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.
There is long-recognized undescribed species richness in X. tropicalis and X. epitropicalis and in progress work by Evans, Blackburn, and colleagues (D. Blackburn pers. comm. 2012).This form is a tetraploid species. There are probably other species to be discovered in this genus (R.C. Tinsley pers. comm.). The Sanaga River in Cameroon has arbitrarily been set as the boundary between this species and Xenopus tropicalis, pending more information (Loumont 1983).
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Xenopus epitropicalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T58166A18397180. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T58166A18397180.en .Downloaded on 18 November 2018