Rana montezumae

Subgenus: Pantherana
family: Ranidae
Taxonomic Notes: This species was placed in the genus Lithobates by Frost et al. (2006). However, Yuan et al. (2016, Systematic Biology, doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syw055) showed that this action created problems of paraphyly in other genera. Yuan et al. (2016) recognized subgenera within Rana for the major traditional species groups, with Lithobates used as the subgenus for the Rana palmipes group. AmphibiaWeb recommends the optional use of these subgenera to refer to these major species groups, with names written as Rana (Aquarana) catesbeiana, for example.
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs from extreme eastern Jalisco and Michoacán, to the east through the State of Mexico, D. F. Morelos and Tlaxcala northward to Hidalgo, Queretaro and southern San Luis Potosi, Mexico.

Habitat and Ecology

This species prefers pine-oak or oak forests above 2,000m asl. It breeds in lakes and big pools. It survives in moderately degraded habitats.


In several recent field surveys this frog has commonly been found. It might be in decline is some areas.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Desiccation and alteration of the original ecological conditions can affect populations of this species, however it appears to be resistant to a degree of habitat degradation since it is often found near human settlements. Aquaculture has introduced some invasive predators to parts of the species' range. These predators eat tadpoles and young juveniles. It is harvested for human consumption, and this is probably impacting some populations.

Conservation Actions

The range of this species overlaps with a few protected areas. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Georgina Santos-Barrera, Oscar Flores-Villela 2004. Lithobates montezumae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58671A11822530. .Downloaded on 17 January 2019


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