Rana maculata

Subgenus: Lithobates
family: Ranidae
Taxonomic Notes: This species was placed in the genus Lithobates by Frost et al. (2006). However, Yuan et al. (2016, Systematic Biology, doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syw055) showed that this action created problems of paraphyly in other genera. Yuan et al. (2016) recognized subgenera within Rana for the major traditional species groups, with Lithobates used as the subgenus for the Rana palmipes group. AmphibiaWeb recommends the optional use of these subgenera to refer to these major species groups, with names written as Rana (Aquarana) catesbeiana, for example.

© 2017 Wouter Beukema (1 of 21)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species can be found from Chiapas, Mexico, to central Nicaragua on the Atlantic versant and from eastern Oaxaca, Mexico, to Honduras and El Salvador on the Pacific versant, at elevations of 40-1,980m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It occurs and reproduces in ponds and streams in lowland moist and wet and premontane moist and wet forests.


It is relatively common in Honduras and locally abundant in El Salvador. In Nicaragua, it has disappeared over the last eight years from certain localities, and declines have also been noted in Mexico and Guatemala. It is common in Guatemala.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Declines and disappearances in some areas are probably related to deforestation and water pollution.

Conservation Actions

Protection of the forested areas in Oaxaca and Chiapas is the only chance for this species in this area. Otherwise occurs in several protected areas in much of its range.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Georgina Santos-Barrera, Gunther Köhler, Manuel Acevedo, Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson 2004. Lithobates maculatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58655A11821072. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


IUCN Terms of Use