This species is found in northeastern China (Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning Provinces) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the Republic of Korea. The species is not present in southern Primorye, Russia (S. Kuzmin pers. comm.). The suggestion that the species occurs in Russia (eg. by Bannikov, 1977) is based on the description of Rana emeljanovi Nikolsky, 1913, from Yimianpo, Shangzhi County, Heilongjiang Province, China ("Imienpo Station, Chinese Eastern Railway, Manchuria"), later considered as Rana rugosa emeljanovi (Nikolsky, 1913). A subsequent record eastwards from that locality is close to the border with Russia, and it was expected that the species would occur in the southern Primorye Region based on its existence in Democratic People's Republic of Korea (in close proximity to the Russian border). However, all specimens from Primorye attributed to R. emeljanovi have proven to be other amphibian species, including the frog Rana nigromaculata and even the toad Bufo gargarizans. Special searches for this species in the southernmost part of the Primorye have yet to discover Rana emeljanovi. It has been recorded from 100-300m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits slow-flowing rivers, streams, artificial ponds, paddy fields, wetlands and ditches.. It forages on the banks of watercourses and even in paddy fields, and breeds in the water back area of the streams and rivers and in ponds, paddy fields, ditches, pools and streams.
It is a common species.
Habitat destruction and degradation, in particular changes of land use from paddy fields to other crops are reducing the species' available habitat.
A number of protected areas are present within the range of this species.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
We consider Glandirana emeljanovi to be distinct from G. rugosa following Dubois (1992). The identity of animals from the Korean Peninsula remains unclear, and until more information becomes available on these populations we restrict G. rugulosa to Japan and consider animals from China and the Korean Peninsula to belong to G. emelijanovi.
Sergius Kuzmin, Masafumi Matsui, Zhao Wenge, Yoshio Kaneko 2004. Glandirana emeljanovi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58591A11793116. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58591A11793116.en .Downloaded on 13 November 2018