AMPHIBIAWEB
Strongylopus bonaespei
Banded Stream Frog
family: Pyxicephalidae
subfamily: Cacosterninae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: South Africa

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the Encyclopedia of Life account:

Distribution

S. bonaespei is found in South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Authors: de Villiers, A.L.; Boycott, R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Habitat and Ecology

S. bonaespei typically inhabits Mountain Fynbos but is sometimes found on the margins of forest. It seldom occurs on steep slopes or in deep kloofs, preferring flatter, more open situations near streams. Annual rainfall in these areas is >500 mm (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Authors: de Villiers, A.L.; Boycott, R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Metamorphosis

The eggs develop into benthic tadpoles that complete their metamorphosis in water (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Authors: de Villiers, A.L.; Boycott, R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Advertisement Call

Although dense breeding choruses have been heard in ideal conditions, especially early in the breeding season, the calls are usually scattered with calling males well spaced from one another. Greig et al. (1979) recorded that males have been found calling from ground level at the base of overhanging vegetation near the water’s edge, and from 10–20 cm above ground level, spread-eagled between tall grass stems (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Authors: de Villiers, A.L.; Boycott, R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Reproduction

Breeding takes place in shallow, seasonal, marshy areas and seepages that are well vegetated, usually with long grasses, stands of restios and sometimes ferns. S. bonaespei breeds mainly in winter but also calls in spring and late summer if conditions are suitable. The eggs are laid out of water on waterlogged earth or moss at the base of, for example, a restio or grass tussock, within about 5–20 cm of temporary pools or shallow runnels of water in seepage areas. The eggs are laid singly and may either be scattered, grouped in clusters, or deposited in rows of up to six or seven eggs (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Authors: de Villiers, A.L.; Boycott, R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

IUCN Red List Category and Justification of Conservation Status

S. bonaespei is not threatened. It is relatively widely distributed and most of its habitat occurs in protected areas (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Authors: de Villiers, A.L.; Boycott, R.C.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/