This species is restricted to the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (in Kerala and Tamil Nadu), the Eravikulam National Park (in Kerala) and Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve (in Tamil Nadu) in the southern Western Ghats of India. It possibly occurs more widely than current records suggest, especially in areas between known sites. It has an altitudinal range of 300-1,400m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is associated with hill streams in moist tropical forests. It is found in areas of the forest floor with high humus levels. It is not present in modified habitats. Breeding takes place in streams by larval development.
It is a locally common species.
It is mostly threatened by the clearance of forested land for agricultural use, and the subsistence harvesting of wood and timber by local people.
It has been recorded from Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, and Mukurthi National Park, and from Eravikulam National Park, in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, and Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, in Tamil Nadu. The species is included as part of ongoing field studies by Biju (1998 and onwards). It is protected by national legislation.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.
S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, M.S. Ravichandran 2004. Micrixalus phyllophilus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58383A11764202. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58383A11764202.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019