This species is known from three sites: Ponmudi and Sabarigiri in Kerala, and Siruvani in Tamil Nadu, in the southern Western Ghats of India. It has an altitudinal range of 300-750m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a forest species associated with hill streams, riparian habitats and leaf-litter in moist tropical evergreen forest, and so far not known from modified habitats. It has aquatic larvae and breeds in streams.
It is locally uncommon.
The primary threat to this species is the loss of forest habitat through the localized harvesting of wood and timber for subsistence use. Siltation of streams resulting from deforestation is also a threat.
Its range includes the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, and it is protected by national legislation. Further surveys are required to better determine the population status and range of this species.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Robert Inger 2004. Micrixalus gadgili. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58379A11763109. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58379A11763109.en .Downloaded on 16 January 2019