Limnonectes paramacrodon
family: Dicroglossidae
subfamily: Dicroglossinae

© 2007 Alexander Haas (1 of 2)

Frogs of Borneo account.

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Near Threatened (NT)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from scattered localities in Peninsular Malaysia (Berry 1975; Dring 1979) and Borneo, and it has been recorded from Singapore (Lim and Lim 1992), southern Thailand (Chan-ard pers. comm.) and Natuna Besar and Sumatra, Indonesia. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest. It occurs at altitudes below 200m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It generally inhabits lowland swamp forest areas with small rivers and streams. Adults are found along clay and gravel stream banks, and breeding takes place in these streams. It appears to be able to tolerate selective logging, but does not adapt to more heavily modified habitats.


There is no information on its population status.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The principal threats to this species are destruction of forests through clear-cutting, conversion to non-timber plantations, urbanization, fire and water extraction.

Conservation Actions

It is present in protected areas in Borneo and the Malay Peninsula (such as Pasoh Forest Reserve and Tasek Bera). Effective preservation of the remaining lowland swamp forest is the main conservation measure recommended for this species.

Red List Status

Near Threatened (NT)


Listed as Near Threatened since although this species is still relatively widely distributed, it depends on streams and rivers in areas of swamp forest habitat, and so its Area of Occupancy is probably not much greater than 2,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat is declining very rapidly due to widespread forest loss within its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.


Peter Paul van Dijk, Djoko Iskandar, Robert Inger, Norsham Yaakob, Leong Tzi Ming, Yodchaiy Chuaynkern 2004. Limnonectes paramacrodon. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58363A11771741. .Downloaded on 19 February 2019


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