Limnonectes kuhlii
family: Dicroglossidae
subfamily: Dicroglossinae

© 2012 Jodi J. L. Rowley (1 of 10)

  hear Fonozoo call

Frogs of Borneo account.

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: India, Indonesia, Malaysia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This is a very wide-ranging species. It is found in southern Yunnan and Guangxi provinces, China, in two small areas of northeastern India (in Arunachal Pradesh), and throughout Southeast Asia south to Java, Borneo, the Anambas Islands and the Natunas Islands, but it has not been recorded from Cambodia or Singapore. It occurs from 200-1,800m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is found in small, clear streams in evergreen forest in hilly areas. It breeds in small tributary streams and the larvae develop in quiet pools along these streams. It does not wander from the vicinity of streams. In China it has also been found in still-water ponds and streams among fields.


It is a common and locally abundant frog.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat to this species is deforestation, and although the species complex as a whole is not at risk, some of its component cryptic taxa might be threatened by local threatening processes. It is locally collected for consumption and in China this might be threatening the species' survival.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in many protected areas, and the priority is to safeguard these. Clarification of its taxonomic status and studies of its conservation biology and harvest levels are needed. It is protected by national legislation in India.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Taxonomic Notes

This species almost certainly represents a complex of more than one species containing many taxa with more restricted distributions. There might even be several species in Borneo alone (R. Inger pers. comm.). The presence of Limnonectes kuhlii in India is doubtful and requires further investigation. The record might correspond to a species of Paa (A. Ohler pers. comm.).


Peter Paul van Dijk, Djoko Iskandar, Robert Inger, Michael Wai Neng Lau, Yang Datong, Annemarie Ohler, Lu Shunqing, Saibal Sengupta, Sabitry Bordoloi 2004. Limnonectes kuhlii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58346A11769961. .Downloaded on 19 January 2019


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