Limnonectes arathooni
family: Dicroglossidae
subfamily: Dicroglossinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Indonesia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is only known from Mount Lompobatang and Mount Latimojong, in southwestern Sulawesi, Indonesia, above 1,200 m asl. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 10,630 km2 and all individuals are considered at five or fewer threat-defined locations.

Habitat and Ecology

This species lives in undisturbed highland forest, usually close to small rivers and streams. The eggs are laid in a burrow on the river bank, where they are guarded by the male. The larvae hatch on land and slide and tumble downhill into slow- to medium-flowing streams, where they develop further.


It is an uncommon species. Surveys in 2013 recorded the species, however it is difficult to locate (D. Iskandar pers. comm. May 2017). Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threat is forest clearance for smallholder farming and expanding human settlements, which has resulted in extensive forest loss on mountain slopes within its range. This species is also threatened by the drying up of streams on which it depends.

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is found in the Gunung Latimojong Nature Reserve and Gunung Lompobatang Protected Forest. 

Conservation Needed
There is a need for improved habitat protection throughout its range.

Research Needed
Further research on this species' distribution, population size and trends, and threats is recommended.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Vulnerable because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 10,630 km2, it occurs in five or fewer threat-defined locations, and there is ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat on Sulawesi for smallholder farming and expanding human settlements.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Limnonectes arathooni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T58327A114920507. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


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