This species is endemic to the Western Ghats of India. It is known from the Agasthyamala Hills, Kalakkad-Mundanthuai, Athirimala, Periyar Tiger Reserve (a recent collection by S.D. Biju) and Eravikulam National Park (in Kerala) and the Anamalai Hills of Parambikulam and Indira Ghandi National Park (in Kerala and Tamil Nadu). It occurs at elevations above 800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial species associated with the leaf-litter substrate of moist tropical semi-evergreen forest, and it is not known from modified habitats. Breeding takes place on wet rocks, and the larvae are found on wet rock surfaces next to streams.
It is locally uncommon.
The major threat is clearance of forested land for agricultural use (including tea plantations), timber plantations, and the harvesting of wood by local people for subsistence use.
It has been recorded from the protected areas of Athirimala Wildlife Sanctuary, Periyar Tiger Reserve, Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary and Eravikulam National Park (all in Kerala), and Indira Gandhi National Park and Kalakkad-Mundanthuai Wildlife Sanctuary (both in Tamil Nadu). It is protected by national legislation.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat outside of protected areas.
S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta 2004. Indirana leptodactyla. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58312A11763407. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58312A11763407.en .Downloaded on 21 January 2019