This species complex has been described over a wide distribution in the Western Ghats in India. The map shows the range of the species complex only. Taxonomic confusion prevents an accurate estimate of altitudinal range.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial species associated with riparian habitats in wet evergreen and semi-evergreen tropical forests and swamps. It is not present in cultivated areas. Breeding takes place on wet cliffs and the larvae are found on these surfaces close to streams.
Due to taxonomic uncertainty there is no information on the abundance of this species.
It is threatened by the conversion of forest to agricultural use (including coffee, tea and cardamom plantations), the construction of roads, and deforestation for subsistence purposes.
Because of taxonomic uncertainty it is not clear as to which protected areas this species occurs in. It is included as part of ongoing field studies by S.D. Biju. It is protected by national legislation.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
This form is a complex of more than one species that requires urgent taxonomic revision.
S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, M.S. Ravichandran 2004. Indirana beddomii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58307A11761967. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58307A11761967.en .Downloaded on 18 January 2019