Philautus poecilius
Mottled Tree Frog
family: Rhacophoridae
subfamily: Rhacophorinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Philippines


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from montane forests of eastern Mindanao (Brown and Alcala 1994, Plaza and Sanguila 2015) to the more central high elevation forests of Mt. Lumot to Mt. Malingdang of western Mindanao (Nuñeza et al. 2010), Mt. Sinaka of southern Minanao (Ates and Delima 2008), and southern Leyte Island in the Philippines (Philippines Red List Assessment Workshop May 2017). It has been recorded from 1,500–2,000 m asl. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest, especially in areas between known sites, however available data suggest the species is limited to relatively smaller areas of occurrence towards the higher elevation reaches of montane habitats (Sanguila et al. 2016).

Habitat and Ecology

This Mindanao endemic shrub frog inhabits arboreal microhabitats in mossy and montane rainforests, and has not been found outside forests. It calls from a variety of perches in primary forests (Sanguila et al. 2016). It breeds by direct development.


It is a rare species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat is the destruction and conversion of both lowland and montane rainforest habitat on Mindanao due to small-scale agricultural activities, large-scale oil palm plantations, wood collection for charcoal production and expanding human settlements (Philippines Red List Assessment Workshop May 2017). There is also nickel, chromite, and gold mining, and limestone and marble quarrying in eastern Mindanao (Philippines Red List Assessment Workshop May 2017). At Mt. Lumot, high prevalence and levels of chytrid infection in other species of treefrogs was detected, however this species tested negative for chytrid (Sanguila et al. 2016).

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species range includes several protected areas, including Mount Malindang National Park. 

Conservation Needed
Improved protection of the remaining montane rainforest of Mindanao is needed.

Research Needed
More information is needed on this species' distribution, population status, and trends. Additional taxonomic research is recommended in light of the cryptic species present in this complex.

Red List Status

Vulnerable (VU)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.

Taxonomic Notes

This species is a taxonomic complex and contains several cryptic species (Philippines Red List Assessment Workshop May 2017).


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Philautus poecilius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T40798A58476271. .Downloaded on 19 January 2019


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