AMPHIBIAWEB
Pseudophilautus microtympanum
family: Rhacophoridae
subfamily: Rhacophorinae

© 2014 Sanoj Wijayasekara (1 of 9)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Sri Lanka

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

This species is endemic to the Central Hills of Sri Lanka at elevations of 1,555-2,135m asl. There are records from Agra Bopath and Horton Plains (Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda 2005).

Habitat and Ecology

It inhabits both closed and open canopy habitats, including grasslands. Most sub-adults and juveniles were found in grassland and disturbed habitats, while mature males and larger females were usually found in closed-canopy habitats. Adults have been observed perched on branches 0.5-3.5m above ground (Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda 2005). It breeds by direct development, and the eggs are deposited in humus.

Population

Anslem de Silva (pers. comm.) reports that the population in the Horton Plains National Park may occur at a density of around 62,000 individuals per kmĀ², which suggests that the species is abundant where it occurs.

Population Trend

decreasing

Major Threats

The major threats are habitat loss, through the commercial harvesting of timber (clear-cutting) and firewood collection, agrochemical pollution, and the desiccation of habitat through periods of drought. In Horton Plains National Park, forest fires and dieback of mature trees are also threats.

Conservation Actions

It has been recorded from Horton Plains National Park, Agra Bopath Forest Reserve and Hakgala Strict Nature Reserve.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)

Rationale

Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 500 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in the Central Hills of Sri Lanka.

Taxonomic Notes

This species is sometimes placed in the genus Rhacophorus.

Citation

Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva, Deepthi Wickramasinghe 2004. Pseudophilautus microtympanum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58874A11851545. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58874A11851545.en .Downloaded on 18 November 2018

 

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