AmphibiaWeb - Pseudophilautus leucorhinus


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Pseudophilautus leucorhinus (Lichtenstein & Martens, 1856)
family: Rhacophoridae
subfamily: Rhacophorinae
genus: Pseudophilautus
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Extinct (EX)
National Status Extinct
Regional Status None


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This species is known only from the preserved holotype (Lichtenstein and Martens 1856).

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Sri Lanka

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Endemic to Sri Lanka; the type locality and habitat are not known, as the collecting locality was described only as "Ceylon" by Lichtenstein and Martens (1856).

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
It presumably bred by direct development, like other members of the genus Pseudophilautus (Stuart et al. 2008).

Trends and Threats
Extensive field surveys have not turned up any living representatives of this species; it is believed to be extinct. The exact cause for extinction is not known. Habitat loss (via deforestation) is thought to be a major factor (Stuart et al 2008).

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

General habitat alteration and loss

Specimens from the Western Ghats of India which were previously described as Pseudophilautus leucorhinus have now been referred to Pseudophilautus wynaadensis (Bossuyt and Dubois 2001; Manamendra-Arachchi et al. 2004).


Bossuyt, F., and Dubois, A. (2001). ''A review of the frog genus Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Amphibia, Anura, Ranidae, Rhacophorinae).'' Zeylanica, 6, 1-112.

Lichtenstein, M. H. C., and Von Martens, E. C. (1856). Nomenclator Reptilium et Amphibiorum Musei Zoologici Berolinensis. K├Âniglich Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Berlin.

Manamendra-Arachchi, K., Biju, S.D., and de Silva, A. (2004). Philautus leucorhinus. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 10 March 2009.

Stuart, S., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J., Cox, N., Berridge, R., Ramani, P., Young, B. (eds) (2008). Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Edicions, IUCN, and Conservation International, Barcelona, Spain; Gland, Switzerland; and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Originally submitted by: Krystal Gong (first posted 2009-02-23)
Edited by: Kellie Whittaker (2010-09-28)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2010 Pseudophilautus leucorhinus <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jun 16, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 16 Jun 2024.

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