Thorius minutissimus
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from one site near Santo Tomás Tecpan, in the Sierra Madre del Sur de Oaxaca, south-eastern Oaxaca, Mexico, at 2,458m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives terrestrially in pine-oak forest. It presumably reproduces by direct development.


Observed only twice in 60 years. Recently rediscovered (two specimens found at the type locality in 2001); this species is extremely rare, and very few specimens are known (Hanken and Wake pers. comm. 2007).

Population Trend


Major Threats

The forests where it is found have been severely altered as a result of logging, agriculture, and human settlement, and very little good habitat remains.

Conservation Actions

Habitat protection is the most urgently needed conservation action for this species, since it is not known from any protected areas. It is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are known from a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in south-eastern Oaxaca, Mexico.

Taxonomic Notes

The name Thorius minutissimus has been applied to populations at other localities, but these are now known to belong to other species in the genus (Hanken and Wake pers. comm.).


Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, James Hanken 2008. Thorius minutissimus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59417A11935966. .Downloaded on 16 January 2019


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