This species is known from the type locality, "El Chaquiro in Antioquia Department, Colombia" (amended to "Hacienda Palmas, El Chaquiro in Antioquia Department, Colombia, at 2,670 m elevation"), and from the municipalities of Belmira, San José de la Montaña and Santa Rosa de Osos. Its EOO is 732 km2 and it occurs in four threat-defined locations.
Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs in oak forest patches immersed in a matrix of cattle farms, and has not been recorded from anthropogenic habitats. It breeds by direct development.
It is a common species within its relatively small range.
The main threat is habitat loss due to agricultural expansion, especially expanding pastures for cattle grazing. Climate change was previously reported to be a threat in the 2004 assessment, however this has not yet been supported by any studies and the effect of this remains unknown on the species.
This species has not been recorded in any protected areas.
Habitat protection remains the most urgent conservation action required.
Further survey work is needed to determine the extent of its distribution.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 732 km2, it occurs in four threat-based locations and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of habitat due to the expansion of cattle ranching activities.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2017. Rhinella nicefori. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T54879A85881775. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T54879A85881775.en .Downloaded on 17 January 2019