Bolitoglossa phalarosoma

Subgenus: Eladinea
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2008 Esteban Alzate (1 of 3)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia, Panama


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs at Medellin in the department of Antioquia, Colombia, at 1,540m asl. Specimens from the eastern lowlands in the south-west of Darién Province in Panama have also been referred to this species, but this is probably incorrect.

Habitat and Ecology

It inhabits cloud forest in Colombia, and humid lowland forest in Panama, and is arboreal. It is presumed to breed by direct development.


This appears to be an extremely rare species; fewer than five specimens have been collected in its entire range.

Population Trend


Major Threats

There is no information available on specific threats to this species, although it is likely to be impacted by forest loss arising from activities such as logging and smallholder farming.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in Parque Nacional Darién in Panama, but is not known from any protected areas in Colombia. Further research is required to resolve its taxonomic status.

Red List Status

Data Deficient (DD)


Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing uncertainty as to its taxonomic status as well as absence of information on its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.

Taxonomic Notes

It seems very unlikely that the Panamanian and Colombian specimens refer to the same species (Grant pers. comm.).


Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Wake, D., Bolívar, W. & Renjifo, J. 2008. Bolitoglossa phalarosoma. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59195A11885783. .Downloaded on 16 January 2019


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