Peltophryne empusa
family: Bufonidae

© 2010 Ariel Rodriguez (1 of 1)

  hear Fonozoo call (#1)
  hear Fonozoo call (#2)
  hear Fonozoo call (#3)

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Cuba


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species has a wide but patchy distribution in lowland Cuba and the Isla de Juventud. It ranges from sea level up to 70m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It inhabits xeric and mesic lowland forests and savannahs. The males call from flooded ditches and large temporary pools of rainwater, and the eggs are laid in still water. It is an explosive breeder, though outside the breeding season it remains in burrows below ground.


It is abundant during breeding, but otherwise burrows underground and is rarely seen.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threats to this species are habitat loss and degradation, due to agriculture (it occurs in an area of intense agricultural production), and pollution from agricultural pesticides. The spread of the invasive plant species Dichrostachys cinerea is also threatening this species' native habitat.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in several protected areas. There is a need to control the spread of invasive species within these existing protected areas.

Red List Status

Vulnerable (VU)


Listed as Vulnerable because its Area of Occupancy is less than 2,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Cuba.


Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz 2004. Peltophryne empusa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54634A11179047. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


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