This species is restricted to the departments of El Quiché and Huehuetenango, Guatemala, in the Cordillera de los Cuchumatanes at 1,200-2,500m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in cloud forest and can survive in degraded habitats. Individuals have been found on the ground, under bark, and in arboreal bromeliads. Breeding is by direct development.
It is quite common but there is little recent information on its population status, although at least eight populations are known. Searches in 2005 did not encounter this species in the Cuchumatanes but further work in this area is needed (Sean Rovito pers. comm. 2007).
The main threat to this species is loss of its habitat through agricultural encroachment. Although it can tolerate some habitat degradation, it does not live in open agricultural habitats.
Much of its range is included in the proposed Parque Nacional Cuchumatán. Surveys are needed to gather more information on its current population status, distribution, and threat status.
Red List Status
Near Threatened (NT)
Listed as Near Threatened because, although it is relatively abundant within its small range and is somewhat adaptable, its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat is probably declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
The populations from the Sierra de Chuacus may represent a distinct species of uncertain taxonomic affinity (Sean Rovito pers. comm. 2007).
Wake, D., Acevedo, M., Papenfuss, T., Rovito, S., Vasquez, C. & Elias, P. 2008. Bolitoglossa cuchumatana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59150A11890312. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T59150A11890312.en .Downloaded on 14 November 2018