Melanophryniscus tumifrons
family: Bufonidae

© 1998 Celio Haddad (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Argentina, Brazil


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs in ParanĂ¡, Santa Catarina, and Rio Grande do Sul states, Brazil, at 200-1,000m asl. Populations from Argentina (M. spectablis) and Paraguay (M. fulvoguttatus) formerly ascribed to this species are now considered distinct species.

Habitat and Ecology

It occurs in open areas and forest. Reproduction is explosive and occurs in temporary pools.


The population status is unknown because it is very difficult to survey this species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Deforestation, cattle ranching and water pollution are threats to this species. It is also potentially threatened by the international pet trade.

Conservation Actions

It might occur in private reserves.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Taxonomic Notes

The forms spectabilis and simplex were elevated to species status by Caramaschi and Cruz (2002). These authors also resurrected the species Melanophryniscus pachyrhynus, formerly considered a synonym of M. tumifrons.


Paulo Garcia, Magno Vicente Segalla, Esteban Lavilla, Diego Baldo 2004. Melanophryniscus tumifrons. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54832A11212648. .Downloaded on 24 January 2019


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