This species has a restricted range in the Sierra de los Organos and the Sierra del Rosario, in western Cuba. It has been recorded from 75-182m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a large species that is found in rock crevices and caves in mesic broadleaf forest. It has not been recorded outside forest habitat and is always associated with limestone. It breeds by direct development.
It can be locally common, but is also uncommon in some localities; only a few individuals have been recorded at one locality in the Viñales region, despite many collections in nearby areas (B. Hedges pers. comm.).
The main threat is infrastructure development for tourism, and the disturbance of habitat by tourist activities.
Its range includes several protected areas (such as Parque Nacional Viñales), but there is a need to improve the management of these reserves for conservation.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in western Cuba.
Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz 2004. Eleutherodactylus zeus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57065A11576165. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57065A11576165.en .Downloaded on 20 January 2019