This species is restricted to Macizo de Sagua-Baracoa, eastern Cuba, at an altitude of 195-900m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a riparian/aquatic species occurring in streams and nearby areas in mesic closed forests. It breeds by direct development.
It can be moderately common in the narrow, suitable habitat in which it occurs.
The major threat is habitat loss due to deforestation for subsistence farming and logging, and mining.
It occurs marginally in Parque Nacional Alejandro de Humboldt, but additional protection of forest habitats is clearly needed. As a stream-associated species of eastern Cuba, this species must be monitored carefully because other stream-dwelling amphibians in the West Indies have disappeared suddenly after being formerly abundant.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest and stream habitat in eastern Cuba.
Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz 2004. Eleutherodactylus toa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57009A11565575. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57009A11565575.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019