One of the smallest frogs in the world, this species has a very restricted range, occurring only on the peaks of Formon and Macaya at high elevations on the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti. Its altitudinal range is from 1,700-2,340 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is slightly arboreal in closed montane pine and cloud forest with shrubs, tree ferns, bromeliads, and climbing bamboo. Eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development.
Believed to be common in suitable habitat, it was last recorded in 1991 (although there have been no surveys of the area since).
Severe habitat destruction is taking place primarily due to logging (charcoal collection) by local people and slash-and-burn agriculture.
This species is known only from the Parc National Macaya, but there is no management of this area for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. Urgent site-based action is required in the Massif de la Hotte to conserve the remaining habitat in the area. Survey work is also necessary to determine the current population status of this species.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because of an expected population decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years, predicted from severe degradation of the species' habitat on the Massif de la Hotte; Haiti; and because it has an Extent of Occurrence of less than 100km2 and an Area of Occupancy of less than 10km2, all individuals are in a single sub-population, and the extent of its forest habitat is declining.
Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas, Robert Powell 2010. Eleutherodactylus thorectes. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T57004A11563733. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T57004A11563733.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019