This species has a restricted range in the Sierra de Cubitas and the Sierra de Najasa, Pan de Matanzas, Sierra de Trinidad, in Cuba. It appears to have a relictual and patchy distribution. It has been recorded from sea level up to 390m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is found on large rocks and in caves in broadleaf forest (mesic or semi-xeric), and has not been recorded outside forest habitat. It breeds by direct development.
It is an uncommon species that is difficult to find outside appropriate weather conditions.
The major threat is habitat loss and degradation due to agriculture (smallholder farming) and mining.
Its range includes several protected areas, but there is often insufficient management of these areas for conservation, and the habitat continues to be degraded. More effective management of these protected areas is required to ensure the long-term survival of this species.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in central Cuba.
Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz 2004. Eleutherodactylus thomasi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57003A11563368. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57003A11563368.en .Downloaded on 16 January 2019