Craugastor tarahumaraensis

Subgenus: Hylactophryne
family: Craugastoridae

© 2013 Scott Trageser (1 of 7)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from eastern Sonora and western Chihuahua (Tarahumara mountains), to Jalisco, Mexico, in the Sierra Madre Occidental, at elevations of around 2,400m asl. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest.

Habitat and Ecology

It inhabits pine forest and lives under bark and leaves on the ground. Breeding is by direct development.


This is a rare species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main causes of habitat loss and disturbance in the Tarahumara forests are logging and agriculture (both for crops and livestock).

Conservation Actions

The range of this species does not include any protected areas, and urgent protection and restoration of the original native forests in the Tarahumara Mountains is necessary. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).

Red List Status

Vulnerable (VU)


Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in western Mexico.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).


Georgina Santos-Barrera, Luis Canseco-Márquez 2004. Craugastor tarahumaraensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56994A11554082. .Downloaded on 18 January 2019


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