This species is known from one locality in the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti, at an altitude of 1,060-1,081 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is found under rocks at high elevations in closed moist forest. Eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development.
It has only been encountered once during the last two decades, despite considerable collecting effort in its only known locality prior to 1991. The species is rarely encountered even in suitable habitat. It was last recorded in 1984 (Hedges and Díaz 2009).
The reason for the decline of this species is unknown, although there has been severe habitat destruction within its range due to charcoal collection and slash-and-burn agriculture.
It is not known to occur in any protected areas. Urgent site-based action is required in the Massif de la Hotte to conserve the remaining habitat in the area, in order to ensure the persistence of this species as well as other threatened amphibians known only from this area. Survey work is also necessary to determine the current population status of this species.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because of an expected population decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years, predicted from severe degradation of the species' habitat on the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti; and because its Area of Occupancy is also less than 10km2, all individuals are in a single sub-population, and the extent of its forest habitat is declining.
Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas 2010. Eleutherodactylus sciagraphus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56955A11560445. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T56955A11560445.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019