This species has a restricted range in the Cordillera Septentrional and Cordillera Central, in the Dominican Republic, and in the Massif du Nord, Haiti. It has been recorded from sea level to 1,758 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is usually found beside streams in mesic closed-canopy rainforests. Males call from the river and stream banks. Eggs are laid on the ground, and it breeds by direct development.
It was common in the past and was known from many localities, but it has not been recorded since the mid 1980s. Extensive surveys were carried out within its range between 1998 and 2000 (M. Hernandez pers. comm.), but these failed to find any individuals, thus suggesting a catastrophic decline, even within suitable habitats.
In the Cordillera Central, habitat destruction is taking place as a result of agricultural development (including livestock farming), and disturbance from ecotourism. However, chytridiomycosis is a possible reason for its decline within suitable habitats.
The range of the species includes several protected areas, but there is very little management of these areas for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. Improved management of these, and maintenance of other remaining habitat, is essential. Research is also needed to determine whether or not chytrid is implicated in the decline of the species.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because of a population decline of greater than 80% over the last ten years, estimated from direct observation, a decline in the quality of its habitat, and the possible effects of chytridiomycosis.
Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Marcelino Hernandez, Robert Powell 2010. Eleutherodactylus schmidti. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56952A11559646. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T56952A11559646.en .Downloaded on 24 January 2019