This species is known only from Sierra de Coalcoman, north-western Michoacán, Mexico, occurring only at elevations above 2,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits pine-oak forest and cloud forest, and requires the presence of bromeliad plants in the dry season, and low bushes and trunks on the ground in the humid season. It breeds by direct development.
This is a rare species.
The main threat is habitat disturbance and loss due mainly to agriculture and logging.
The species' range is not currently within any protected area, which means that habitat maintenance and protection is essential to ensure its persistence. Survey work to evaluate the current population status of this species is also needed. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on the Sierra de Coalcoman, northwestern Michoacán, Mexico.
Georgina Santos-Barrera, Luis Canseco-Márquez 2004. Eleutherodactylus rufescens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56930A11556373. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56930A11556373.en .Downloaded on 20 January 2019