This species is endemic to the western and central cordilleras of Panama, and is present at altitudes of between 560 and 1,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a semi-aquatic species associated with humid montane forest streams. It breeds by direct development, although the site of egg deposition is not known.
It is reported to be common where it occurs.
Although general habitat loss through deforestation is a recognized threat, pathogens, possibly including the chytrid fungus, are also considered to be a threat.
It has been recorded from several protected areas; further research is urgently required into the possible ongoing impact of pathogens on populations of this species. An ex-situ population of this species is held at the El Valle Amphibian Conservation Center in Panama; eggs and/or larvae have been produced to date (Edgardo Griffith pers. comm. September, 2007).
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Panama.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, César Jaramillo, Querube Fuenmayor 2004. Craugastor punctariolus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56888A11538474. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56888A11538474.en .Downloaded on 21 January 2019