Eleutherodactylus poolei

Subgenus: Eleutherodactylus
family: Eleutherodactylidae
subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Haiti


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species has a very restricted range, and is found only in and around the Citadel Laferriere (Citadel of King Christophe), a huge fortress built on the peak of a mountain nearly a thousand metres above the plain from which it rises, in northern Haiti. Its altitudinal range is from 550-650 m asl. There is a second, albeit questionable, record from the nearby Carrefour Marmelade.

Habitat and Ecology

It was recorded from a moist dungeon in an old fort and probably occurs in the surrounding forest. Eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development.


This species is probably rare. It was last recorded in 1985 (Hedges and Díaz 2009).

Population Trend


Major Threats

The primary threat to this species is habitat destruction due to charcoal collection and subsistence farming.

Conservation Actions

The Citadel Laferriere is a World Heritage Site (designated in 1982), and is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Haiti. The current status of the species is unclear, and further survey work is needed determine its population status. Maintenance of the surrounding forest is necessary.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because of an expected population decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years, predicted from severe degradation of the species' habitat; and because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2 and its Area Of Occupancy is less than 10km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat around the Citadel Laferriere (Citadel of King Christophe), Haiti.


Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas 2010. Eleutherodactylus poolei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56874A11547634. .Downloaded on 21 January 2019


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