Craugastor polymniae

Subgenus: Hylactophryne
family: Craugastoridae

© 2010 Sean Michael Rovito (1 of 2)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from Vista Hermosa town, Sierra de Juárez, north-central Oaxaca, Mexico, at about 1,500m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This species inhabits cloud forest; it appears to have arboreal habits and breeds by direct development.


This has always been a rare species, but it appears to have gone into serious decline, and has not been recorded since 1983. Recent surveys to locate it have been unsuccessful, and it might now be extinct.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Although disturbance and clear cutting of montane cloud forest habitats in Sierra de Juárez (primarily for agriculture) represent a threat to this species, it has disappeared even in suitable habitat, probably due to chytridiomycosis.

Conservation Actions

This species is an urgent priority for survey work in order to determine whether or not it still survives in the wild, and any surviving populations might need to be maintained in captivity if the risk of chytridiomycosis proves genuine. The range of this species does not include any protected areas, and protection and restoration of the remaining cloud forest is urgently needed in the Sierra de Juárez where no protected areas currently exist. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because of a drastic population decline, estimated to be more than 80% over the last three generations, inferred from the apparent disappearance of most, or all, of the population, probably due to chytridiomycosis.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).


Georgina Santos-Barrera, Gabriela Parra-Olea 2004. Craugastor polymniae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56872A11547261. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


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