This species is restricted to the Tiburon Peninsula, Haiti, where it ranges from sea level to 750 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is terrestrial, typically found in association with caves or creek beds, in closed forests. Eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development.
Although it was common in the 1960s, it has only been encountered at two localities during many surveys conducted over the last two decades. It was last seen in 1991, although there have been no subsequent surveys to look for the species.
The reason for the decline in the species is not known, but habitat destruction is severe throughout the Tiburon Peninsula, mainly as a result of logging (charcoal collection) by local people and slash-and-burn agriculture.
It occurs in the Parc National Macaya, but there is no management of this area for conservation, and the habitat continues to be lost. Improved management of the existing protected areas, and maintenance of remaining habitat within the species' range, is urgently required.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because of an expected population decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years, predicted from severe degradation of the species' habitat on the Tiburon Peninsula, Haiti.
Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas 2010. Eleutherodactylus paulsoni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56836A11543030. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T56836A11543030.en .Downloaded on 24 January 2019